Comparison of STM32F4DISCOVERY and STM32 Nucleo

The STM32F4DISCOVERY development board and the STM32 Nucleo development board are two very popular STM32 series development boards. This article will introduce the detailed configuration of these two development boards and the differences between them.

STM32F4DISCOVERY board

STM32F4DISCOVERY development board uses the STM32F407VG microcontroller and has multiple peripherals, including USB, SPI, I2C, CAN, and SDIO, etc., supports audio codec and digital filters and can be used for audio processing and image processing and other applications. In addition, it also provides multiple blue LEDs and a USB OTG interface, suitable for learning and experimentation.

Here is a chart listing the main components on the STM32F4DISCOVERY development board:

ComponentDescription
MicrocontrollerSTM32F407VG microcontroller with ARM Cortex-M4 core
Crystal Oscillator8 MHz crystal oscillator for system clock
ST-Link DebuggerEmbedded ST-Link/V2 debugger and programmer
User LEDsFour user LEDs (LD3, LD4, LD5, LD6)
Push ButtonsTwo push buttons (User Button and Reset Button)
USB OTGMicro-AB USB OTG connector for USB device, host, or OTG modes
Audio DACCS43L22 audio DAC with the stereo headphone jack
MEMS MicrophoneMP45DT02 MEMS microphone for audio input
Digital Temperature SensorLM75B digital temperature sensor with I2C interface
Expansion ConnectorsVarious expansion connectors for GPIO, SPI, I2C, USART, CAN, SDIO, and other interfaces
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Applications of STM32F4DISCOVERY development board

  • Robotics: The STM32F4DISCOVERY board is ideal for building robots that require real-time control, low latency, and high-performance processing. The board has a powerful ARM Cortex-M4 processor that can handle complex algorithms and control tasks.
  • Internet of Things (IoT): The STM32F4DISCOVERY board can be used to develop IoT applications that require low power consumption and high-speed connectivity. The board has an Ethernet port, USB OTG, and several communication interfaces such as SPI, I2C, and USART.
  • Audio and Video processing: The STM32F4DISCOVERY board has a built-in audio codec and can be used for audio and video processing applications. The board can handle real-time audio and video processing, making it suitable for applications such as digital signal processing, audio mixing, and video streaming.
  • Industrial Automation: The STM32F4DISCOVERY board can be used for industrial automation applications that require real-time control, monitoring, and data acquisition. The board has several built-in peripherals, such as ADC, DAC, and PWM, that can be used for controlling and monitoring industrial processes.
  • Gaming: The STM32F4DISCOVERY board can be used to develop simple games that require real-time control and low latency. The board has a built-in 3-axis accelerometer and gyroscope that can be used for motion sensing in games.

STM32 Nucleo Board

STM32 Nucleo Development Boards is a series of STM32 development boards for different STM32 microcontroller families. These development boards are compatible with Arduino and Mbed, and also provide many standard interfaces and expansion interfaces, including USB, Ethernet, SPI, I2C, UART and ADC. This makes these development boards ideal for rapid prototyping.

Here is a chart listing some of the main components on the STM32 Nucleo development board:

ComponentDescription
MicrocontrollerSTM32 microcontroller with ARM Cortex-M core (varies by board model)
ST-Link DebuggerEmbedded ST-Link/V2 debugger and programmer
Arduino Uno R3 ConnectorsTwo Arduino Uno R3 connectors for shields
Morpho ConnectorsTwo Morpho connectors for access to more I/O pins
USB OTGMicro-AB USB OTG connector for USB device, host, or OTG modes
User LEDsTwo user LEDs
User ButtonOne user button
Push ButtonsTwo push buttons (User Button and Reset Button)
Expansion ConnectorsVarious expansion connectors for GPIO, SPI, I2C, USART, CAN, SDIO, and other interfaces
Serial CommunicationVirtual COM port via USB connection
Power5V USB or external power supply
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Applications of STM32 Nucleo Board

  • Internet of Things (IoT): The STM32 Nucleo Board is ideal for developing IoT applications that require low power consumption and high-speed connectivity. The board has several communication interfaces such as SPI, I2C, USART, and CAN, and supports wireless protocols such as Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, and LoRa.
  • Industrial Automation: The STM32 Nucleo Board can be used for industrial automation applications that require real-time control, monitoring, and data acquisition. The board has several built-in peripherals, such as ADC, DAC, and PWM, that can be used for controlling and monitoring industrial processes.
  • Robotics: The STM32 Nucleo Board is suitable for building robots that require real-time control, low latency, and high-performance processing. The board has a powerful ARM Cortex-M4 processor that can handle complex algorithms and control tasks.
  • Audio and Video processing: The STM32 Nucleo Board has a built-in audio codec and can be used for audio and video processing applications. The board can handle real-time audio and video processing, making it suitable for applications such as digital signal processing, audio mixing, and video streaming.
  • Educational purposes: The STM32 Nucleo Board is also suitable for educational purposes, as it is easy to use and has large community support. It is ideal for teaching microcontroller programming and interfacing with external devices.

Differences between the STM32F4DISCOVERY and the STM32 Nucleo

The main differences between the STM32F4DISCOVERY development board and the STM32 Nucleo Board development board are as follows:

Comparison itemSTM32F4DISCOVERY
STM32F4DISCOVERY development board
STM32 Nucleo
STM32 Nucleo Boards
Applicable microcontroller modelsThe STM32F4DISCOVERY development board is suitable for STM32F4 series microcontrollersThe STM32 Nucleo Board supports multiple series of STM32 microcontrollers, including F0, F1, F2, F3, F4, F7, L0 and L4 series.
Functions and interfacesThe STM32F4DISCOVERY development board has many built-in peripherals, such as an accelerometer, audio codec, USB OTG, Ethernet, etc…The STM32 Nucleo Board supports compatibility with other Nucleo boards and Arduino boards, And expansion boards for various peripherals, such as Bluetooth, WiFi, LoRa, NFC, etc.
Size and priceThe STM32F4DISCOVERY development board is small and relatively expensive, suitable for applications that require high performance and real-time control.The STM32 Nucleo Board is relatively low in price, supports a wider range of microcontroller series and functions, and is suitable for a wider range of applications.

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